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The line of latitude is read as 41 degrees (41), 24.2028 minutes (24.2028) north. The coordinate for the line of latitude represents north of the Equator because it is positive. If the number is negative, it represents south of the Equator. The line of longitude is read as 2 degrees (2), 10.4418 minutes (10.4418) east.
Latitude and Longitude are the units that represent the coordinates at geographic coordinate system. To make a search, use the name of a place, city, state, or address, or click the location on the map to find lat long coordinates.
Follow these steps to convert decimal degrees to DMS :
- For the degrees use the whole number part of the decimal.
- For the minutes multiply the remaining decimal by 60. Use the whole number part of the answer as minutes.
- For the seconds multiply the new remaining decimal by 60.
Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Lines of constant latitude, or parallels, run east–west as circles parallel to the equator. Latitude is used together with longitude to specify the precise location of features on the surface of the Earth.
You can convert degrees, minutes, seconds for both latitude and longitude to decimal degrees. Simply enter the DMS values for lat or both lat and long, than press the convert button. The decimal degrees coordinates will be calculated and displayed below the form.
The prime meridian is a geographical reference line that passes through the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, in London, England. It was first established by Sir George Airy in 1851, and by 1884, over two-thirds of all ships and tonnage used it as the reference meridian on their charts and maps.
So while a physical location may not change, the datum (model) used by a geodetic coordinate system will change, fortunately this does not happen frequently. In North America NAD83 is the mostly widely used datum, which replaced NAD27.
Decimal degrees = Degrees + (Minutes/60) + (Seconds/3600)
- First, convert minutes and seconds to their degree equivalents and add the results. 25’/60 = 0.4167° 30″/3600 = .0083°
- Then, add this number to the number of degrees. 39° + 0.425° = 39.425°
- So, the final result is: 39° 25′ 30″ = 39.425°
Have students look at the U.S. map and find the lines running across and up and down the page. Tell students that the lines running across the page are lines of latitude, and the lines running up and down the page are lines of longitude. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west.
The decision was based on the argument that by naming Greenwich as Longitude 0º, it would be advantageous to the largest number of people. Therefore the Prime Meridian at Greenwich became the centre of world time.
One measures the distance from the equator, the other from the Prime Meridian. This illustration of Earth is overlaid with a grid of latitude and longitude. The horizontal lines are latitude and the vertical lines are longitude.
Coordinates are written alphabetically – so x comes before y (x, y). One way to remember is ‘you go along the hallway before you go up the stairs’.
Get the coordinates of a place
- On your Android phone or tablet, open the Google Maps app .
- Touch and hold an area of the map that isn’t labeled. You’ll see a red pin appear.
- You’ll see the coordinates in the search box at the top.
Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different
latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. The maximum annual temperature of the Earth, showing a roughly gradual temperature gradient from the low to the high latitudes.
Longitude. The latitude specifies a location’s distance north or south of the equator. The longitude specifies the location’s distance east or west from an imaginary line connecting the North and South Poles, called the Prime Meridian.
Latitude lines run horizontally across the globe and are used to measure distances north and south of the equator. Sailors used a sextant to determine their latitudinal position. Longitude lines run vertically across the globe and are used to measure distances east and west of Greenwich, England.
If you’re outside and can see the open sky, the GPS accuracy from your phone is about five meters, and that’s been constant for a while.
The answer is a resounding NO! When it comes to GPS coordinates, the more decimal places, the better. Using three (3) decimal places, you get into the same parking lot (in this example), about 40 feet away from the actual point of interest.
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds
- DDD° MM’ SS.S” 32° 18′ 23.1″ N 122° 36′ 52.5″ W. This is the most common format used to mark maps.
- DDD° MM.MMM’ 32° 18.385′ N 122° 36.875′ W. This is the format most commonly used when working with electronic navigation equipment.
- DDD.DDDDD° 32.30642° N 122.61458° W. or +32.30642, -122.61458.
How’s that! And furthermore, the distance between two lines of latitude, from 0 degrees to 1 degree north, is also 69.2 miles – because it’s also 1/360th of the circumference of the earth!” ” But as you follow those two longitude lines towards the poles, the distance between them shrinks down to zero!
A vertical position accuracy of 1.63 m RMSEz with mean offset distance of 2.66 m was also calculated for the terrain model. Mohammed, Ghazi, Mustafa (2013) examined Google Earth in the Khartoum State of the Sudan and say: Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) was computed for horizontal coordinates and was found to be 1.59m.
Circles of latitude are often called parallels because they are parallel to each other; that is, planes that contain any of these circles never intersect each other. A location’s position along a circle of latitude is given by its longitude.
Lines of longitude (meridians) running north-south around the globe measure distances EAST and WEST of the Prime Meridian. Directly on the opposite side of the earth from the prime meridian is located the 180 meridian. This is the highest longitude possible.
Coordinates are always written in brackets, with the two numbers separated by a comma. Coordinates are ordered pairs of numbers; the first number number indicates the point on the x axis and the second the point on the y axis. This would constitute reading coordinates.
Positive longitudes are east of the prime meridian, and negative ones are west.
Just as a number line can be extended to deal with negative numbers, the x-axis and y-axis can be extended to deal with negative coordinates. In this way, if a point is to the left of the origin, its x-coordinate is negative, and if it is below the origin, its y-coordinate is negative.
1. Definition; Equations. Latitude is the north-south component of a line; departure the east-west. North latitudes are positive, South are negative; similarly East departures are positive, West are negative.
Null Island is a name for the point on the Earth’s surface where the prime meridian and the equator cross, located in international waters in the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) off the west African coast. In the WGS84 datum, this is at zero degrees latitude and longitude (0°N 0°E), and is the location of a buoy.
In which direction latitude of the line is negative? Explanation: The latitude of the line is negative when measured southward. It is termed as southing. 5.
Longitude designates East and West of the Prime Meridian. A negative latitude means South of the Equator, and a negative longitude means West of the Prime Meridian. Location data is often represented in the form of latitude and longitude pairs like below: 37.427619, -122.166972.
A prime meridian is the meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographic coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°. Together, a prime meridian and its anti-meridian (the 180th meridian in a 360°-system) form a great circle.
“And for longitude, if there’s no E or W, and if the number is positive (such as 128.3425° or +128.34°), then the longitude is EAST. If the number is <
b>negative, such as -73.9917° (the minus is always shown if the number is negative), then the longitude is WEST!” “OK!” “I see I got you boxed in, Lou!
This is a simple problem, but it always helps to visualize it. Notice that we assign east as positive and west as negative. Thus, in this case, we have negative velocity.