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Conventionally forts were built to ensure a safe and secure human settlement, to keep the enemy far away and to ensure having an upper hand during war.
The first shipment of African slaves reached the USA in 1619. This is why Ghana declared 2019 a year of remembrance. Under the motto “Year of Return”, the African diaspora is also being encouraged to come back to Ghana.
In 1482, the Portuguese built St. George’s Castle (Elmina Castle). This vast rectangular 97,000sq ft fortification is the earliest known European structure in the tropics.
Elmina Castle was erected by the Portuguese in 1482 as Castelo de São Jorge da Mina (St. George of the Mine Castle), also known as Castelo da Mina or simply Mina (or Feitoria da Mina), in present-day Elmina, Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast).
Ussher Fort is a fort in Accra, Ghana. It was built by the Dutch in 1649 as Fort Crèvecœur, and is a day’s march from Elmina and to the east of Accra on a rocky point between two lagoons. It was one of three forts that Europeans built in the region during the middle of the 17th century.
By the late 19th century, the forts and castles were used mainly as storehouses for guns and gunpowder, and as prisons for very different categories of inmates. At Elmina, for instance, the small tower at the east corner of the castle is known as Prempeh’s Tower.
Three major methods were used for the construction of ancient Indian forts. The first consisted of earthen ramparts. Often they were constructed of the sand which was dug out of the ditch surrounding the fort. The second of rubble with earth on the outside which was more sturdy.
1 : a strong or fortified place especially : a fortified place occupied only by troops and surrounded with such works as a ditch, rampart, and parapet : fortification. 2 : a permanent army post —often used in place names.
- Banquette: An elevation of earth within a fort, three or four feet wide, and less than 5 feet from the top of parapet, to enable short men to fire over the wall.
- Bastion: An extension at the corner of a fort consisting of two faces and two flanks.
- Casemate or Casement:
- Covered Way:
A bastion or bulwark is a structure projecting outward from the curtain wall of a fortification, most commonly angular in shape and positioned at the corners of the fort. As military architecture, the bastion is one element in the style of fortification dominant from the mid 16th to mid 19th centuries.
Beyond their defensive utility, many walls also had important symbolic functions – representing the status and independence of the communities they embraced. Existing ancient walls are almost always masonry structures, although brick and timber-built variants are also known.
Until the 12th century, stone-built and earth and timber castles were contemporary, but by the late 12th century the number of castles being built went into decline.
Definition of rampart
an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes; “they stormed the ramparts of the city”; “they blew the trumpet and the walls came tumbling down”
What are castles used for today?
- Tourist attractions and museums. Nowadays many castles are open to the public as tourist attractions and museums.
- Concerts and special events. Sometimes castles in Scotland are used<
/b> as the location for concerts and special events.
Although the French word for ‘château‘ is generally translated as castle it is more likely to mean a country house or a manor house. Home to warm summers and rich in agricultural land, more than 300 chateaux that were built in this area between the 10th until the 20th Century.
A château (French pronunciation: ?[??to]; plural: châteaux) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor, or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally, and still most frequently, in French-speaking regions.
Palaces are only palaces if they are exceptionally lavish and built with the intention of being a home. So you can’t call any old building a palace just because royalty decides to live there for a while; it had to have been built for that purpose. So that’s your answer.
These early castles were mainly of motte and bailey type. The ‘motte’ was made up of a large mound of earth with a wooden tower on top, while the ‘bailey’ was a large ditch and bank enclosure which surrounded the motte. These timber castles were quite cheap and very quick to build.
a fortified, usually walled residence, as of a prince or noble in feudal times. a strongly fortified, permanently garrisoned stronghold. a large and stately residence, especially one, with high walls and towers, that imitates the form of a medieval castle.
Estimates put the total number somewhere in the region of 25,000 castles.
A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised area of ground called a motte, accompanied by a walled courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.