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Your 2–year–old now
By age 2, a child can count to two (“one, two”), and by 3, he can count to three, but if he can make it all the way up to 10, he’s probably reciting from rote memory.
Around this period, your growing toddler should be able to: Expand vocabulary. By 24 months, your child should be using about 50 words regularly, such as more, juice, and Grandma.
“For example, a 2–year–old girl who has an average height (37 inches) would be considered underweight if less than 29 pounds, overweight if between 35 and 37 pounds, and obese if over 38 pounds.
Important Language Milestones
24 month olds should use at least 100 words and combine 2 words together.
After age 2, we use the Centers for Disease Control growth charts to look at weight, height and BMI (body mass index) for age. BMI for this age range compares a child’s weight to their height. A BMI for age less than the 5th percentile indicates a child is underweight.
Talk with your toddler: naming and talking about everyday things – body parts, toys and household items like spoons or chairs – helps develop language skills. At this age, you can teach your toddler that a ‘chair’ can be a ‘big chair’, ‘red chair’ or even a ‘big red chair’.
Though every child is different, most toddlers will be able to count to 10 by the time they are two-years-old. At this point in time they are probably repeating them mostly by memory and have yet to understand what they actually mean. This concept is known as “rote” counting.
Say Goodbye to Milk before Bed
After your little one’s first birthday, milk shouldn’t continue to be part of his bedtime routine. When you drop the bedtime bottle, there’s no need to replace it with anything. Milk before bed contributes to middle of the night wake ups and this is less than ideal.
About 15%-25% of young children have some kind of communication disorder. Boys tend to develop language skills a little later than girls, but in general, kids may be labeled “late-talking children” if they speak less than 10 words by the age of 18 to 20 months, or fewer than 50 words by 21 to 30 months of age.
What can a 23–month–old do? Around this age, your little one may be able to follow simple instructions, imitate certain actions or words, push a wheeled toy, and use two-word sentences.
During this time, their vocabulary expands to up to 100 words, and toddlers go from simple words (“mama,” “dada,” and “bye-bye”) to saying two-word sentences and questions, like “What’s that?” and “More juice!” At around 20 months, your child will likely: Put two words together, like “more cookie” or “mommy book”
By age 3, a toddler’s vocabulary usually is 200 or more words, and many kids can string together three- or four-word sentences. Kids at this stage of language development can understand more and speak more clearly. By now, you should be able to understand about 75% of what your toddler says.
By 2 years old, most toddlers will say 50 words or more, use phrases, and be able to put together two-word sentences. No matter when they say their first words, it’s a sure bet they are already understanding much of what is said to them before that.
You can spur your child’s communication skills when you:
- Ask your child to help you. For example, ask him to put his cup on the table or to bring you his shoe.
- Teach your child simple songs and nursery rhymes. Read to your child.
ge your child to talk to friends and family.
- Engage your child in pretend play.
Play ideas to encourage toddler talking
- Read with your child.
- Talk about the ordinary things you do each day – for example, ‘I’m hanging these clothes to dry outside because it’s a nice day’.
- Respond to and talk about your child’s interests.
- Recite nursery rhymes and sing songs.
- Copy your child’s attempts at words to encourage two-way conversation.
At the age of 2, children are experiencing a leap in their physical abilities, language skills, and social abilities which can lead to tougher bedtimes and more night wakings.
At this age clinginess can be the result of his imagination getting the best of him. He may fear that the vacuum cleaner can swallow him whole just like it sucked up a small toy. These fears may seem irrational to you, but to a child who’s just starting to “step out” on his own, they’re very real.
At this age, your child should be able to:
- Stand on tiptoes.
- Kick a ball.
- Start to run.
- Climb on and down from furniture without help.
- Walk up and down stairs while holding on.
- Throw a ball overhand.
- Carry a large toy or several toys while walking.
Call your doctor if your child: by 12 months: isn’t using gestures, such as pointing or waving bye-bye. by 18 months: prefers gestures over vocalizations to communicate. by 18 months: has trouble imitating sounds.
There’s so much going on in toddler development at 2-3 years. At this age, expect big feelings, tantrums, simple sentences, pretend play, independence, new thinking skills and much more. Talking and listening, reading, working on everyday skills and cooking together are good for development.
Recognizing the Signs of Autism
- Doesn’t keep eye contact or makes very little eye contact.
- Doesn’t respond to a parent’s smile or other facial expressions.
- Doesn’t look at objects or events a parent is looking at or pointing to.
- Doesn’t point to objects or events to get a parent to look at them.
Einstein syndrome is a condition where a child experiences late onset of language, or a late language emergence, but demonstrates giftedness in other areas of analytical thinking. A child with Einstein syndrome eventually speaks with no issues, but remains ahead of the curve in other areas.
By age 2: Kids start recognizing some letters and can sing or say aloud the “ABC” song. By age 3: Kids may recognize about half the letters in the alphabet and start to connect letters to their sounds. (Like s makes the /s/ sound.) By age 4: Kids often know all the letters of the alphabet and their correct order.
There are more studies out there that continue to show that watching TV early and often increases your child’s chances of having a speech delay. That could mean late talking and/or problems with language in school later in life.
To be sure, most late talking children do not have high intelligence. However, there are certainly many cases on record indicating that there may be trade-offs between early, precocious development of reasoning and analytical abilities and the development of verbal skills.
Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)
- Finds things even when hidden under two or three covers.
- Begins to sort shapes and colors.
- Completes sentences and rhymes in familiar books.
- Plays simple make-believe games.
- Builds towers of 4 or more blocks.
- Might use one hand more than the other.
If your child is over two years old, you should have your pediatrician evaluate them and refer them for speech therapy and a hearing exam if they can only imitate speech or actions but don’t produce words or phrases by themselves, they say only certain words and only those words repeatedly, they cannot follow simple
Parents of young children with autism often report delayed speech as their first concern, but speech delay is not specific to autism. Delayed speech is also present in young children with global developmental delay caused by intellectual disability and those with severe to profound hearing loss.
One of the first signs of autism in infants is the delay of what’s known as babbling. Babbling is exactly what it sounds like: indiscernible words of jumbled consonants and vowels strung together. It’s adorable when babies do it, but it’s also an important stage of language development.
Research shows that the little grunts 2-year-olds make while pointing to pictures or playing with their toys are actually a kind of commentary. Children who aren’t yet talking and don’t grunt are more likely to later be diagnosed with a language delay.
Boys tend to develop language skills a little later than girls, but in general, kids may be labeled “late–talking children” if they speak less than 10 words by the age of 18 to 20 months
, or fewer than 50 words by 21 to 30 months of age.
Developmental speech and language disorders are a common reason for speech/language problems in kids. These learning disorders are caused by the brain working differently. Your child may have trouble producing speech sounds, using spoken language to communicate, or understanding what other people say.